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french polynesia continent

Red and white are traditional Polynesian colors. Located in the Pacific Ocean, The Islands of Tahiti are a mythical destination. The Tuamotu Archipelago, lying to the east of the Society Islands, has a land area of 266 square miles (689 square km) and consists of some 80 islands. The volcanic cones are highly eroded and cut up into high crests and deep, radiating valleys. Mataura is the closest city to Jerusalem's antipodal point (1,042 km). Separated by a channel that is about 2 miles (3 km) wide, Raiatea and its northern neighbour, Tahaa, are located on the same mountain mass and lie within a single barrier reef. It is also a major tourism hub of the French Polynesia islands. French Polynesia is comprised of 118 islands, including the showstoppers, Tahiti and Bora Bora.Sculpted by sky-piercing, moss-green peaks and lined with vivid turquoise lagoons, visitors go there to experience warm, laid-back island culture. NOW 50% OFF! Located on the northwestern coast of Tahiti is, Papeete – the capital, of French Polynesia. Out of these 118 islands and atolls, 67 of them are inhabited; among which Tahiti – located in the Society Islands is the most populous. Tahiti, formed of two ancient volcanic cones, is particularly striking because of its dramatic silhouette, which rises 7,352 feet (2,241 metres) above sea level. In French Polynesia the ocean has great mana, from the gleaming black pearl inside a quivering oyster to the turtles and rays that hover in the shallows. Its flag depicts a canoe (piroque), sailing under a golden sun. Rangiroa, the largest coral atoll in French Polynesia, is famed for its natural beauty, and remains a favorite of travellers from across the globe. French Polynesia, overseas collectivity of France consisting of five archipelagoes in the south-central Pacific Ocean. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Background: French Polynesia a collection of 118 islands covers a vast area of the southeastern Pacific Ocean, just about the size of Europe. Official Islands of Tahiti - Information on visiting Tahiti islands, Bora Bora, Moorea & other Tahitian islands in the South Pacific. This article details the geographical distribution of speakers of the French language, regardless of the legislative status within the countries where it is spoken. Cruises, Vacations & more. The lagoons, however, are a source of fish, pearls, and mother-of-pearl shell. French Guiana is the only territory of the mainland Americas to have full integration in a European country. This was proposed by the archaeologist, writer, and explorer Thor Heyerdahl, who even constructed a Polynesian outrigger canoe and, with a team, sailed it west of Easter Island from the South American coast. This page was last updated on November 23, 2020, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The Least Populated Countries In The World, Countries With The Highest Rates Of Diabetes, The 10 Largest Urban Parks In The United States, Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF). In the westernmost area of French Polynesia, we find the Society Islands group, divided between the Windward Islands in the east (Tahiti, Moorea, Tetiaroa, Mehetia, and Maiao) and the Leeward Islands in the west (Bora Bora, Huahine, Maupiti, Raiatea, Tahaa, Manuae, Maupihaa, Motu One, and Tupai). Elsewhere, living conditions are difficult, and many people emigrate to Tahiti. Approaching the islands from the sea is difficult. The main island is Mangareva, whose name is sometimes used to refer to the whole group. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. However, it is all under the authority of the President of France. The often lushly vegetated mountains drop abruptly to narrow coastal strips or directly into lagoons or the sea. The Tubuai, or Austral, Islands, situated 450 miles (720 km) south of Tahiti, make up the southernmost part of French Polynesia. Income is derived from agriculture (taro, arrowroot, copra, market vegetables) and pandanus plaiting. This article lists the various overseas military bases of France.The maintenance of overseas military bases enable the French Armed Forces to conduct expeditionary warfare, and often tend to be located in areas of strategic or diplomatic importance.. Papeete is one of the largest urban centers in the South Pacific region and its excellent harbor serves as the chief port and trading center for transpacific ships. Covering a total land area of 4,167 sq.km (1,609 sq mi) and spread over a vast area about the size of Europe, the widely scattered 118 islands and atolls of French Polynesia is an overseas collectivity of France and are divided into 5 island groups: the Austral, Gambier, Marquesas, Society and Tuamotu archipelagos; in the south-central Pacific Ocean. It is formed from two volcanic peaks rising to 2,385 feet (727 metres) and 2,169 feet (661 metres) and dropping abruptly to the lagoon. Mataura. Visit top-rated & … Included are some 130 islands scattered across the Pacific between latitudes 7° and 27° S and longitudes 134° and 155° W—a total land area roughly equivalent to that of metropolitan Paris and London combined but spread across a swath of ocean five times as large as France. It is well-connected to Tahiti by boat and taxi planes—a consequence of the booming tourist trade there. They have a land area of 405 square miles (1,049 square km). With only porous, coral-based soils and with no permanent streams, they have no agricultural potential aside from the ever-present coconut trees. The major settlement, Vaitape, is on the western side of the main island, opposite the main channel into the lagoon. Tahiti calls to mind visions of an idyllic French Polynesia … It includes the stunning islands of Bora Bora, Moorea and Tahiti – and like the enchanting Marquesas in the northeast – most are lush, dark green specs of land, volcanic in origin, with jagged-edged peaks jutting boldly into the sky. It is an idyllic and unspoiled private island paradise located 6000 Km from the closest continent in the middle of the Pacific. Bora Bora is an island group in the Leeward group in the western part of the French Polynesia, an overseas collectivity of France in the Pacific Ocean. Some of them are volcanic islands rising above 4,000 feet (1,200 metres), with sharp and twisting contours. As it is part of French Polynesia, the President of French Polynesia, who also heads the government, leads Tahiti. Only Rangiroa, with its airport, is in close contact with Tahiti. The Society Islands are the most westerly and extensive group, accounting for two-fifths of the land area and nearly nine-tenths of the population. The capital of French Polynesia is Papeete. The region is almost self-governing with all the three branches of government in place. Continent: Asia. The capital, Papeete, is on Tahiti, French Polynesia’s largest island (403 square miles [1,043 square km]), in the Society group. French Guiana (/ É¡ i ˈ ɑː n ə / or / É¡ i ˈ æ n ə /; French: Guyane) is an overseas department and region of France on the northern Atlantic coast of South America in the Guianas. French Polynesia has a total land area of approximately 4167 km² or 1609 mi.². The three subregions making up the Oceania are Polynesia, Melanesia, and Micronesia. Administratively, the island of Tahiti comprises of 12 communes, which are part of the admini… An analogous situation to French Guiana's status in France is the … Mount Rotui, separating Cook (Paopao) and Papetoai (Oponu) bays, on the north coast of Moorea, Society Islands, French Polynesia. Larger Bora Bora flag Out of these 118 islands and atolls, 67 of them are inhabited; among which Tahiti – located in the Society Islands is the most populous. French Polynesia, overseas collectivity of France consisting of five archipelagoes in the south-central Pacific Ocean. Updates? French Polynesia. It is the administrative, industrial, commercial and financial center of the island territory. It’s now considered a semi-autonomous territory of France, though France’s authority includes such issues as law enforcement, property and civic rights. We have reviews of the best places to see in Moorea. Faaa is the largest city of the island. the lowest point is the Pacific Ocean (0m). French Polynesia has confirmed conditions of entry and stay in the country applicable to all travelers from 11 years old (resident and non-resident) arriving by air. French Polynesia. This means that, among all the populated locations in the world, the farthest city from Jerusalem is Mataura. The island of Moorea, separated from Tahiti by a channel 8.5 miles (14 km) wide, is also a high island and is encircled with brilliant white coral sand beaches. Shop online for Electronics, Fashion, Home & Kitchen, Beauty & Grooming, Health, Toys, Baby, Books, Sports, etc. French Polynesia is an overseas collectivity of France and comprises of 118 small islands and atolls, scattered across the south-central Pacific Ocean. These are low, flat islands or atolls of coral origin, surrounding a lagoon. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. They consist of two groups, the Îles du Vent (Windward Islands) in the east and the Îles Sous le Vent (Leeward Islands) in the west. Prior to European arrival the island was governed by native chiefs. To the east of Raiatea is the picturesque island of Huahine, a volcanic structure bisected by a shallow arm of the sea. French Polynesia is part of the French Republic and it is made out of over 100 different islands and atolls running over 2000 km across the South Pacific Ocean. Secure Shopping Platform 70M+ Products FREE Delivery FREE Returns The islands have a total land area of 4,167 squa… The administrative subdivisions are: lles Australes (Austral Islands), lles du Vent (Windward Islands), lles Marquises (Marquesas Islands), lles Sous-le-Vent (Leeward Islands) and lles Tuamotu-Gambier. The islands are all protrusions of parallel submarine ridges trending from the northwest to the southeast. Polynesia is French Polynesia is located in the South Pacific Ocean. Coordinates: -31.769, -144.784. Entry requirements: proof of negative test. The communes are further subdivided into communes associeés. Unlike the Society Islands, they are not protected from the sea by a barrier reef, with the result that they lack a coastal plain. French Polynesia: Capital city: Papeetē: Continent: Oceania: Member of: Pacific Community: Population: 275 918 (2017) Total area: 4 167 km 2: Highest point: Mont Orohena (2 241 m, 7 352 ft) Lowest point: South Pacific Ocean : GDP per capita: $ 14 324 (World Bank, 2000) Currency: CFP franc (₣, XPF) Calling code +689: Internet TLD.pf Scattered over 965,255 sq. The above blank map represents French Polynesia - an overseas collectivity of France comprising of 118 small islands and atolls, scattered across the south-central Pacific Ocean. Emeritus Professor of History and Government, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia. French Polynesia is in the continent region of Oceania. Of these islands, the Society archipelago is certainly the most famous. Administratively linked to the Tuamotu Islands but morphologically different, the Gambier Islands lie at the southern extremity of the Tuamotu Archipelago and include four large, high volcanic islands and a few islets covering a total of 14 square miles (36 square km). Its crew of five is representing the five islands groups; the Austral, Gambier, Marquesas, Society and Tuamotu chains. One early theory of the origin of Polynesians is that they came from South America and sailed west eventually reaching the Polynesian triangle. What is the world’s largest archipelago? Located in the middle of the South Pacific Ocean approximately 3,500 miles from the South American continent, and about the same distance from the Australian continent. The influence of the French government is limited to education, security, and subsidies. The island groups are geographically scattered over an area of more than 2,000 km in the South Pacific Ocean. French Polynesia is located to the east of Brisbane (Australia); to the west of Lima (Peru) and to the south of Hawaii. Located on the northwestern coast of Tahiti is, Papeete – the capital, … Author of. Like the Marquesas and the Tuamotu-Gambiers, the Tubuai Islands have poor connections with Tahiti. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Oceania region constitutes three subregions who combine to form the entire insular region between Southeast Asia and the Americas. https://www.britannica.com/place/French-Polynesia, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - French Polynesia, French Polynesia - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), French Polynesia - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). subdivision administrative) and 48 communes. In the center of the main island are the remnants of an extinct volcano rising to two peaks, Mount Pahia and Mount Otemanu. French Polynesia is an overseas country of France The islands were originally their own kingdom with royalty until its annexation by France in 1880. French Polynesia is an overseas possession of France. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Some vanilla is also grown. The above map can be downloaded, printed and used for geography education purposes like map-pointing and coloring activities. They are geographically positioned both in the Eastern and Southern hemispheres of the earth. miles (2,500,000 sq.km) of ocean, most of the islands of French Polynesia are volcanic in origin and fringed by coral reefs. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! It is located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean and is made up of a number of islands, the most famous island being Tahiti. Some 75 miles (120 km) west of Tahiti are the Îles Sous le Vent, made up of five volcanic islands and four atolls. French Polynesia is a French overseas territory. What are the islands of the Maldives made of? Covering a total land area of 4,167 sq.km, French Polynesia is an overseas collectivity of France and comprises of 118 small islands and atolls, scattered across the south-central Pacific Ocean. The Apostolic Vicariate of Eastern Oceania was a Roman Catholic apostolic vicariate in French Polynesia, suppressed in 1848. The 14 islands of the Marquesas group lie 900 miles (1,450 km) to the northeast of Tahiti. Both have coastal plains suitable for growing coconut palms and raising livestock. All of the islands are of volcanic origin but are relatively low (rising to elevations of 270 to 1,440 feet [80 to 440 metres]) and rounded. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. on desertcart in the French Polynesia. Coral-reef lagoon surrounding Raiatea and Tahaa in the Society Islands, Pacific Ocean. Melanesia (UK: / ˌ m ɛ l ə ˈ n iː z i ə /, US: / ˌ m ɛ l ə ˈ n iː ʒ ə /) is a subregion of Oceania extending from New Guinea island in the southwestern Pacific Ocean to the Arafura Sea, and eastward to Tonga.. Oceania is the region centered on the Islands of the tropical Pacific Ocean. Since July 15 th, 2020, quarantine measures have been lifted and French Polynesia’s borders are open to international tourism from all countries. French Polynesia (officially, the collectivity of French Polynesia) is divided into 5 administrative subdivisions (subdivisions administratives, sing. The people of Tahiti are French citizens with full political and civil rights. This demonstrated the feasibility of using a primitive craft such as an outrigger ca… The above outline map represents French Polynesia - an overseas collectivity of France comprising of 118 small islands and atolls, scattered across the south-central Pacific Ocean. Volcanic peaks of Bora-Bora, Îles Sous le Vent, French Polynesia. The islands are protected from the force of the sea by almost completely encircling barrier reefs. French Polynesia, an overseas collectivity of France. This “overseas collectivity” of France … People live exclusively in the valleys, where they engage in farming. This chain of four islands, with the addition of the isolated island of Rapa in the southeast and the uninhabited Marotiri and Maria islands, covers 57 square miles (148 square km). Oceania is also home to Australia, New... See full answer below. The antipodal city to Jerusalem is Mataura. Except for a few small coral atolls, the Society Islands resulted from the emergence of underwater volcanoes. Known for dramatic cliffs plunging into the deep blue ocean contrasted with green, forested mountains rising directly out of the water, the Marquesas Islands are the jewels of French Polynesia. Finally, to the west of Raiatea lies the beautiful little island of Bora-Bora. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox only territory France... Continent region of Oceania with a population of 279,287 habitants groups ; the and... The most westerly and extensive group, accounting for two-fifths of the and! And most densely populated of the Pacific Ocean taxi planes—a consequence of the land area of than. Sort out the facts about Islands across the south-central Pacific Ocean Mont Orohena, which peaks at an elevation 7,352. 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